The Crisis of the Individual in Contemporary Civilization

During the Medieval period, Europe commenced small-scale education in the liberal arts, which expanded into cathedral schools and eventually a continent-wide system of universities, cultivating many brilliant talents.  This movement towards a culture of intellectuality informed by academia came to full fruition in the 18th century when scholars orchestrated a promotion of reason as the … Continue reading The Crisis of the Individual in Contemporary Civilization

An Introductory Analysis of Behavior and Social Theory

1. The Roots of Behavior There are two opposite means of conditioning behaviors: negative and positive reinforcement. Negative reinforcement provokes anxiety and fear, stimulating the amygdala and associated brain regions in conjunction with release of the neurotransmitters adrenaline, glutamate and GABA, a neural event that triggers the hippocampus and additional brain subregions to translate the … Continue reading An Introductory Analysis of Behavior and Social Theory