The Fine Structure Constant and Atomic Theory

The fine structure constant is a dimensionless combination of Coulomb’s constant (k), electric charge (e), Planck's constant (h), and the speed of light (c) in the formula ke2/hc. For any context of units, this constant usually has the same value, approximately 1/137. The maximum quantity of possible paired electron configurations or orbitals in an atom's … Continue reading The Fine Structure Constant and Atomic Theory

Relativity Theory and the Quantum/Classical Divide: Time Dilation and Contraction in Matter

Philosophy and science have long pondered the nature of time. It has traditionally been viewed as a constant though arbitrary yardstick in relation to which material change is measured, but do the basic equations of physics that employ it support this assumption? Let’s consider: 1. The units of Planck’s constant are joule seconds or (meters^squared) … Continue reading Relativity Theory and the Quantum/Classical Divide: Time Dilation and Contraction in Matter

Brainstormed Sketches of An Integrated Wave Function for Quantum Physics

Sketch 1: Pilot wave theory envisions matter as consisting in particles whose paths of motion are guided by supradimensional waves. Collapse models describe particles as resulting from mechanisms of condensation within a global wave. Can we combine the idea of supradimensional waves with that of particularization as a concentrated wave to derive an image of … Continue reading Brainstormed Sketches of An Integrated Wave Function for Quantum Physics

A Brief History of Quantification in Science

Etiologies of early humans were mythical, the world populated by spiritual entities, including humans who used spells, incantations, ritualized acts of all sorts to summon, supplicate and grapple with causality from out of mystical ideation and a mechanistic ignorance punctuated by technical insight into the solution of practical difficulties.  A human being could adroitly design a hunting spear and at the … Continue reading A Brief History of Quantification in Science


a. The history of genetics At the end of the last ice age, roughly 10,000 B.C.E., humans began intensively cultivating plants into crops and domesticating animals. Agriculture and livestock breeding selected a modest set of desirable traits such as caloric content, palatability and medicinal value, while animal husbandry improved strength, stamina, appearance and behavioral profile … Continue reading Genetics

Theory of Cognition

a. Psychology Understanding of cognition began with psychogenic theories derived from psychoanalysis — observation and study of mental associations made by patients during conversations with a psychological practitioner. It was found that maladaptive abnormalities in the psyche, what the medical field termed ‘neurosis’, could be linked to repression of thoughts and memories hidden under ordinary conditions, but … Continue reading Theory of Cognition

Theories of Consciousness

As psychology and neuroscience progress, theory rapidly expands in its capacity to model and predict mental phenomena, but while practical for the field of medical treatment and instructive as we attempt to make our knowledge of the world and our place in it more profound, this growth in mechanistic explanations has only deepened the mystery surrounding interiors of consciousness. … Continue reading Theories of Consciousness

First Person Experience: Universal Characteristics

1.Perception of Mechanism as the Basis for Knowledge of Physical Reality In the late 2000’s, mirror neurons were discovered, revolutionizing our theories of cognition. It was found that these cellular structures of the brain, present in numerous species and probably universal to the vertebrate phylum, grant organisms some direct perception of the thinking and emotion … Continue reading First Person Experience: Universal Characteristics